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How are funds raised in an IPO?

An Initial Public Offering (IPO) is a financial process by which companies can raise capital for expansion, development, or other corporate purposes. This process involves offering shares of the company’s stock to the public in an organised and regulated market. It is also known as “going public” since it makes the company’s shares available to the general public. An IPO serves as a way for companies to access funds from individual investors and institutions that could not be raised through conventional means like bank loans or private investments.

Going public requires detailed preparation and filings with regulatory authorities. Companies usually appoint an underwriting team led by investment bankers who prepare an offering memorandum, prospectus and other legal documents that explain the offering in detail to prospective investors. Once all legal documentation is approved by the SEC, a price is set for the stock offering, known as an IPO’s offer price.

The company will launch its IPO with a “roadshow” where management teams travel worldwide to meet with institutional investors and persuade them to invest in their shares. During this time, potential investors can ask questions about the company’s financials and operations, which helps them make an informed decision about whether or not to invest. At the end of the roadshow period, investors will submit bids indicating how many shares they want and at what prices. The underwriting team then arranges the bids and sets a final offering price.

Once the IPO has been successfully executed, the company will receive funds from selling its shares. This money can finance further growth, such as expanding into new markets like Hong Kong or developing new products. It also provides working capital for existing operations, allowing companies to cover salaries and day-to-day costs.

The benefits of going public

The benefits of going public extend beyond raising funds for business expansion: it also helps increase liquidity by making shares more accessible and tradable on public stock exchanges. Public traded companies are usually more attractive to investors since they have greater visibility in the market due to higher levels of transparency and compliance with SEC regulations. Furthermore, going public allows companies to use their shares as a form of currency for mergers and acquisitions.

The downsides of going public

However, some downsides to going public include increased costs associated with financial reporting and greater scrutiny from the markets, shareholders, and regulators. Companies must understand the implications of an IPO before embarking on this journey.

How to invest in an IPO in Hong Kong

In Hong Kong, investors can gain access to IPOs in two ways. Firstly, they can participate in public offerings and purchase shares directly from the company by buying an allotment order before the IPO date, specifying how many shares they wish to buy and at what price. Secondly, investors can also buy shares on the open market after the IPO has commenced trading.

Overall, going public through an IPO is a complex process that requires professional guidance from investment bankers and legal advisors. Companies must be aware of all aspects of such an undertaking before making this decision to ensure success for both them and their potential shareholders. With proper preparation, a successful IPO can provide companies with significant capital for growth while simultaneously allowing individual investors to become part-owners of their chosen companies.


IPOs provide businesses with access to capital for expansion or other corporate purposes, but they must be well-planned and executed to reap the rewards. Companies should seek advice from experienced professionals who can guide them through the process and ensure a successful outcome. By doing so, businesses can gain the necessary funds while minimising risk and increasing liquidity in their shares.

In addition, individual investors can take advantage of IPOs to gain exposure to promising companies early and benefit from their potential growth. Whether you are a new trader, an individual investor or a business, understanding the IPO process is essential for maximising your chances of success. Speak to experienced investment bankers or a Saxo forex broker today to make the most of this opportunity.

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